- Plants for gardens
- Wollemi pine
- Plant databases
- Plant conservation
- Pests & diseases
- Phytophthora Dieback
- Plant Disease Diagnostic Service
- Fact Sheets
- Identifying plants
7. References, links & furthur information for management
This background document complements the statutory Threat Abatement Plan (TAP). The TAP outlines the actions proposed to abate the threat and addresses the statutory requirements of the document. This background document provides supporting information on matters such as the biology of the pathogen, its population dynamics, spread, diagnosis and impacts on biodiversity and management measures.
Commonwealth: Management of Phytophthora cinnamomi for Biodiversity Conservation in Australia 2006
The document is divided into 4 parts, and includes a number of appendices. Parts 1 & 2 deal with the first component identified above and Parts 3 & 4 with the second component.
i) addressing best practice at the strategic/tactical level of management
ii) addressing the operational and on-ground management of P. cinnamomi
Critical success factors for management and discussions on the development of appropriate performance indicators are provided.
Australian Plant Conservation: Volume 13 Number 4, 2005. Most of the articles in this volume are on Phytophthora in Australia.
Howard CG, 2008. A contemporary study of the genetic variation of Phytophthora cinnamomi recovered from natural ecosystems of New South Wales. PhD Thesis, University of Sydney.
McDougall KL & Summerell BA, 2003. The impact of Phytophthora cinnamomi on the flora and vegetation of New South Wales - a re-appraisal. In Phytophthora in Forests and Natural Ecosystems. 2nd International IUFRO Working Party 7.02.09 Meeting, Albany, Western Australia, October 2001. Eds. JA McComb, GE St J Hardy and IC Tommerup; pages 49-56. (Murdoch University Print: Murdoch, Western Australia).
McDougall KL, Summerell BA, Coburn D and Newton M, 2003. Phytophthora cinnamomi causing disease in subalpine vegetation in New South Wales. Australasian Plant Pathology 32: 113-115.
Summerell B, Pongpisutta R & Howard C, 2005. The biology of Phytophthora cinnamomi, Australasian Plant Conservation 13(4). More.
Walsh J, Keith D, McDougall K, Summerell B & Whelan R, 2006. Phytophthora Root Rot: assessing he potential treat to Australia’s oldest national park, Ecological Management & Restoration 7(1): 55-60. More.
Walsh J, McDougall KL, Whelan R and Summerell BA, 2003. The distribution and impact of Phytophthora cinnamomi in Royal National Park, New South Wales. In Phytophthora in Forests and Natural Ecosystems. 2nd International IUFRO Working Party 7.02.09 Meeting, Albany, Western Australia, October 2001. Eds. JA McComb, GEStJ Hardy and IC Tommerup; pages 280-281. (Murdoch University Print: Murdoch, Western Australia).
'Dieback caused by the root-rot fungus Phytophthora cinnamomi' is listed as a 'key threatening process' in Schedule X to the Commonwealth's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. The Commonwealth has developed a Threat Abatement Plan, a Background Document, with lots of supporting information including management of Phytophthora cinnamomi, and a manual Management of Phytophthora cinnamomi for Plant Conservation in Australia. Links to these and other documents are below.
In New South Wales, on 13 December 2002 infection of native plants by Phytophthora cinnamomi was listed as a Key Threatening Process in Schedule 3 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
Prior to developing a Threat Abatement Plan for Phytophthora cinnamomi in NSW the NSW Phytophthora Working Group have developed a Statement of Intent which identifies a number of priority actions for this key threatening process. Priority actions are the specific, practical things that must be done to tackle a key threatening process. They have been grouped into 14 overarching threat abatement strategies.
The approved ‘NSW Statement of Intent 1: infection of native plants by Phytophthora cinnamomi’ is available as a PDF file 835 KB).
Project Dieback Blue Mountains World Heritage, 2009
Zoe-Joy Newby, is a PhD student at the University of Sydney based at the Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Zoe-Joy’s project is to better understand the role of Phytophthora in vegetation dieback in the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area (GBMWHA) and to facilitate better-informed policy and decision-making and risk management by assessing the level of threat that this pathogen is posing to the GBMWHA. A map and risk model will be developed as a tool to assess the level of threat and being expressed on a spatial level it will assist in assigning priority to disease management and enable monitoring to assess effectiveness of management.
Environmental Trust - in 2010 provided an Education Dissemination Grant to the Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney, to develop educational material to raise the understanding of and reduce the spread of Phytophthora Dieback in NSW. See Phytophthora Dieback Education Project for details.
As all spores and structures of Phytophthora are microscopic, only laboratory analysis of soil is definitive.