Botanic Gardens Trust, Sydney, Australia

Plant info

Further reading

Scientific papers and posters

Banks J.C.G. 2002. 'Wollemi pine: tree find of the 20th century', In: Australia's Ever-changing Forests V, Proceedings of the Fifth National Conference on Australian Forest History, Eds J Dargavel, D Gaughwin & B Libbis, CRES, Canberra: pp. 85-89. 

Benson J, 1996, ‘Threatened by discovery: research and management of the Wollemi Pine, Wollemia nobilis Jones, Hill & Allen', in Stephens, S & Maxwell, S (eds) Back From the Brink: Refining the threatened species recovery process, Surrey Beatty & Sons, Sydney, pp. 105-109.

Benson, J.S., 2002, 'Population ecology of the Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis)'. In Landsberg, J. (ed.) Ecology 2000. Pp. 25 in Handbook of the Second Joint Meeting of the Ecological Society of Australia and the New Zealand Ecological Society (Ecological Society of Australia: Canberra).

Benson, J.S. & Allen, C. (2007) Vegetation associated with the Wollemia nobilis (Araucariaceae). Cunninghamia 10(2): 255-262.

Briggs B G, 2000, ‘What is significant - the Wollemi Pine or the southern rushes?’ Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 87: 72-80.

Brophy J, Goldsack R J, Wu M M Z, Fooks J R & Forster P I, 2000, ‘The steam volatile oil of Wollemia nobilis and its comparison with other members of the Araucariaceae (Agathis and Araucaria)’, Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 28: 563-578. Click here for more information.

Bullock S, Summerell B A & Gunn L V, 2000, ‘Pathogens of the Wollemi Pine, Wollemia nobilis’, Australasian Plant Pathology, 29: 211–214.

Burrows G E, 1998, ‘Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae) possesses the same unusual leaf axil anatomy as other investigated members of the family’, Australian Journal of Botany, 47: 61-68.

Burrows G E & Bullock S, 1999, ‘Leaf anatomy of Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae)’, Australian Journal of Botany, 47:795-806.

Burrows G E, Offord C A, Meagher P F and Ashton K, 2003 'Axillary meristems and the development of epicormic buds in Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis)', Annals of Botany, 92:935-844. Click here for more information.

Chambers T C, Drinnan A N & McLoughlin S, 1998, ‘Some morphological features of Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae) and their comparison to Cretaceous plant fossils’, International Journal of Plant Science, 159: 160-171.

Dettmann M E & Jarzen D M, 2000, 'Pollen of extant Wollemia (Wollemi Pine) and comparisons with pollen of other extant and fossil Araucariaceae, in M.M. Harley, C.M. Morton & S. Blackmore (Eds). Pollen & Spores: Morphology & Biology, pp. 197-203. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.

Entwisle T., 2003, 'Stored in the rings', Nature Australia, 27(10):76-77.

Fensom G & Offord C, 1997, ‘Propagation of the Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis)’, Combined Proceedings of the International Plant Propagators Society, 47: 66-67.

Gilmore S & Hill K D, 1997, ‘Relationships of the Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis) and a molecular phylogeny of the Araucariaceae’, Telopea, 7: 275-291.

Grace L, Cook J, Hargreaves C, Meagher P, Menzies M, Offord C & Trueman S, 2005, Somatic embryogenesis in Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis). Poster presented at IAPTC Conference, February 2005, Christchurch New Zealand.

Hanson L, 2001, ‘Chromosome number, karyotype and DNA C-value of the Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae)’, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society,135: 271-274. Click here for more information.

Heady, Roger 2002. 'Micro-structure of Araucariaceae', In: Australia's Ever-changing Forests V, Proceedings of the Fifth National Conference on Australian Forest History, Eds J Dargavel, D Gaughwin & B Libbis, CRES, Canberra: pp 90-101

Heady, R D, Banks, J G & Evans, P D, 2002, 'Wood anatomy of Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae)', IAWA Journal 23: 339-357.

Hill K.D., 1995, ‘The Wollemi Pine, watch out, look around you’, The Gardens, 27: 8-9.

Hill K.D., 1996, ‘The Wollemi Pine: discovering a living fossil’, Nature and Resources, 32: 20-25.

Hill K.D., 1997, ‘Architecture of the Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae), a unique combination of model and reiteration’, Australian Journal of Botany, 45: 817-826.

Hill K.D., 2003, 'The Wollemi Pine, another living fossil?', Acta Horticulturae, 165: 157-164.

Hogbin P M, Peakall R & Sydes M A, 2000, ‘Achieving practical outcomes from genetic studies of rare Australian plants’, Australian Journal of Botany, 48: 375-382.

Jones W G, Hill K D & Allen J M, 1995, ‘Wollemia nobilis, a new living Australian genus and species in the Araucariaceae’, Telopea, 6: 173–176.

Lambert J B & Poinar Jr G O, 2002, 'Amber: the organic gemstone', Accounts of Chemical Research, 35: 628-636.

Lambert, J B, Shawl C E, Poinar Jr G O & Santiago-Blay J A, 1999, 'Classification of modern resins by solid state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Bioorganic Chemistry, 27: 409-433. Click here for abstract.

Lambert J B, Wu Y & Santiago-Blay J A, 2005, Taxonomic and chemical relationships revealed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of plant exudates, Journal of Natural Products, 68:635-648.

Macphail M, Hill K, Partridge A, Truswell E & Foster C, 1995, ‘Wollemi Pine - old pollen records for a newly discovered genus of gymnosperm’, Geology Today, 11: 48-49.

McGee P A, Bullock S & Summerell B A, 1999, ‘Structure of mycorrhizae of the Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis) and related Araucariaceae’, Australian Journal of Botany, 47: 85-95.

Meagher, P & Offord, C, 2002, 'The Wollemi pine: more than a new landscape tree', Parks and Leisure Australia 5(4): 11-14.

Meagher P.F. & Offord C.A. 2006, Survivor! The tree that survived the dinosaurs, Australian Age of Dinosaurs, 4:46-59.

Meagher P, Offord C, Cui P H, Duke R & Duke C, 2004, Storage of Wollemia nobilis seed: effects of moisture content and temperature on germination, servival and fatty acid content, Poster Millenium Seed Bank Workshop, Brisbane June 2004.

Meagher P.F. & Offord C.A. (in press), 'Understanding the Wollemi Pine: strategies for conservation, in The Araucariaceae. Proceedings of the 2002 Araucariaceae Symposium International Dendrology Society, Auckland New Zealand.  Ed. Eieleski R L & Wilcox M D.  pp. 409-418.

NPWS, 1998, 'Wollemi Pine Recovery Plan', NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Sydney. Click here for details.

Offord C A, 1995, ‘Horticultural research on the Wollemi Pine’, The Gardens, 27: 9–10.

Offord C A, 1996, ‘Conserving the Wollemi Pine: an integrated approach’, Danthonia, 5: 12–14.

Offord C A, Porter C L, Meagher P F & Errington G, 1999, ‘Sexual reproduction and early plant growth of the Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis), a rare and threatened Australian conifer’, Annals of Botany, 84: 1–9. Click here for more information.

Offord C A & Meagher P F, 2001, ‘Effects of temperature, light and stratification on seed germination of Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae)', Australian Journal of Botany, 49:699-704.

Offord C A & Meagher P F, 2006, Wollemi Pine: from the wild to the world, Chronica Horticulturae 45(2):10-13.

Peakall R, 1998, ‘Exceptionally low genetic diversity in an ancient relic, the Wollemi Pine: implications for conservation theory and practice’, Abstracts 86, 45th Annual Meeting of the Genetics Society of Australia.

Peakall R, Ebert D, Scott L J, Meagher P F, and Offord C A, 2003.  'Comparative genetic study confirms exceptionally low genetic variation in the ancient and endangered relictual conifer, Wollemia nobilis (Araucariaceae)'.  Molecular Ecology, 12(9):2331-2343. Click here for more information.

Pohia K E , Wallace H M , Peters R F , Smith T E  & Trueman S J, 2005, 'Cuttings of Wollemi Pine tolerate moderate photoinhibition and remain highly capable of root formation, Trees, 19: 587-595.

Setoguchi H, Osawa T A, Pintaud J C, Jaffre T & Veillon J-M, 1998, ‘Phylogenetic relationships within Araucariaceae based on rbcL gene sequences’, American Journal of Botany, 85: 1507–1516.

Stefanovíc S, Jager M, Deutsch J, Broutin J & Masselot M, 1998, ‘Phylogenetic relationships of conifers inferred from partial 28S rDNA gene sequences’, American Journal of Botany, 85: 688–697.

Slippers B., Summerell B.A., Crous P. W., Coutinho T.A., Wingfield B. D. & Wingfield M.J. 2005, 'Preliminary studies on Botryosphaeria species from Southen Himisphere conifers in Australasia and South Africa', Australasian Plant Pathology, 34: 1-8.

Strobel G A, Hess W M, Li J-Y, Ford E, Sears J, Sidhu R S & Summerell B, 1997, ‘Pestalotiopsis guepinii, a Taxol-producing Endophyte of the Wollemi Pine, Wollemia nobilis’, Australian Journal of Botany, 45: 1073–1082.

Other articles & books

ABC TV, 1997 A Green Dinosaur - Wollemi Pines, Quantum

da Sliva, W., Dec 1997, 'On the trail of the lonesome Pine', New Scientist, 156: 36-39.

Diver J, 2002, 'Leave the Wollemi pine alone', Australian Geographic, 66: 37.

Duffy D, 1997, 'David Noble and the Wollemi Pine' in Foster, D & Duffy, M (eds) Crossing the Blue Mountains: Journeys through two centuries, from naturalist Charles Darwin to novelist David Foster, Duffy & Snellgrove, Sydney, pp. 177-186.

Jamieson V, 2005, The sale of the lonesome pine, New Scientist, 188:43-45

Lake J, 2000, ‘ "Living fossil" set to become next trend', Australian Horticulture, 98(6):41-44.

McLoughlin S & Vajda V, 2005, Ancient Wollelmi Pines resurgent, American Scientist, 93:540-547

Meagher P & Offord C, 2000, 'Wollemi Pine: back to the future', The Gardens, 44:6.

Offord C, 1996, 'Australia's living fossil tree - the wollemi pine', Australian Garden History, 8(3):11.

Peakall R, 2003, 'No genetic variation in the Wollemi Pine', The Gardens, Summer 2003:3.

Ravallion J, 2000, 'New Wollemi pine site found', Danthonia 9(3):5.

Tasker E M, 2003, Nursing an 'extinct' tree back to health, National Geographic News.

Various authors, August 2001, 'The Wollemi Pine: a survivor from the time of the dinosaurs'.  An insert in the Friends of the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney’s magazine updating research findings.

Von Kramer H, 2000, 'Zur Verjungung der Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis) - Regeneration of the Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis)’. Forst und Holz 55 Jahrgang, 14: 454-455.

Woodford J, 2000, The Wollemi Pine, Text Publishing, Melbourne.

Woodford J, 2005, 'Prehistoric miracle: Our dinosaur tree', Australian Geographic, 80: 50-57.

Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis)