Botanic Gardens Trust, Sydney, Australia

Plant info


The Wollemi Pines grow in the Wollemi National Park, north-west of Sydney, the state capital of New South Wales (NSW), Australia. The park covers about 500 000 hectares and is the largest wilderness area in the state - a very rugged mountainous region of ridges, cliffs, canyons and undisturbed forest.

The sandstone ridges and canyon walls are covered by dry sclerophyll woodland and shrubland dominated by Eucalyptus species. A warm temperate rainforest in the deep canyons is dominated by Coachwood (Ceratopetalum apetalum) and Sassafras (Sassafras doryphora), with an understory dominated by ferns such as Sticherus (Sticherus flabellatus). The Wollemi Pines grow on ledges in these canyons.

Given the degree of interest in the Wollemi Pine, protecting it is crucial, and this is done through both legislation and site management. Under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act (1995) a fine of up to $220,000 and imprisonment of up to two years can be imposed for any damage caused.

Location map

Memorandum of Understanding

The NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service (NPWS) and the Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust share management responsibilities under a Memorandum of Understanding which outlines these responsibilities, including:

  1. the NPWS (with Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust assistance) manages the sites, population ecology, reproductive ecology and surveying the populations
  2. the Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust manages taxonomy and curation, anatomy, propagation and cultivation, mycology (the study of fungi), genetic variation, off-site collections
  3. establishing a joint species recovery team to coordinate research and management and approve any actions
  4. a protocol outlining precautions for scientists and park managers for visiting the site - the Wollemi Pine Recovery Plan
  5. collaborative research between the NPWS and the Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust.

 Steep deep gorge
Steep deep gorge protecting a warm temperate rainforest. 

 Surrounding vegetation
Wollemi Pines surrounded by a warm temperate rainforest dominated by Coachwood and Sassafras.