Botanic Gardens Trust, Sydney, Australia

Woodland plants listed by lifeform

Use this list to see pictures and find out more about the ecology of the vascular plant species both native and exotic that we have found in the Cumberland Plain Woodland remnants at the Australian Botanic Garden, Mount Annan.

Click on the plant name. The species are divided by lifeform into trees, shrubs, vines etc. The main families, the daisies, chenopods, peas and grasses have been grouped.

For information about plant species ecology in the woodland community see Community ecology

Trees | Shrubs | Vines and climbers | Ferns | Daisies - Asteraceae | Chenopods - Chenopodiaceae | Peas - Fabaceae | Other dicotyledon herbs | Grasses - Poaceae | Other monocotyledons - graminoids | Specialised lifeforms

Asterisk * indicates exotic species naturalised at the Australian Botanic Garden.

Ecology of Cumberland Plain Woodland

Trees

 Angophora subvelutina     Riverflat forest habitat
 Brachychiton populneus   Dry Rainforest habitat
 Eucalyptus crebra
 Eucalyptus eugenioides     Riverflat forest habitat
 Eucalyptus moluccana 
 Eucalyptus tereticornis

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Eucalyptus tereticornis plant

 

Shrubs

 Acacia decurrens 
 Acacia falcata
 Acacia implexa
 Acacia parramattensis
 Bursaria spinosa
 Cassinia quinquefaria
 Cassinia uncata
 Clerodendrum tomentosum
 Daviesia ulicifolia
 Dodonaea viscosa subsp. cuneata
 Exocarpos cupressiformis
 Indigofera australis
*Lantana camara
 Leucopogon juniperinus
*Lycium ferocissimum
 Myoporum montanum
*Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata
 Ozothamnus diosmifolius
*Rosa rubiginosa
 Rubus parvifolius
*Rubus ulmifolius

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Acacia decurrens plant

Exocarpus cupressiformis fruit 177 

 

Vines and climbers

*Araujia sericifera
 Cayratia clematidea
 Clematis glycinoides
 Convolvulus angustissimus
 Marsdenia rostrata
 Marsdenia viridiflora
 Pandorea pandorana
 Parsonsia straminea
 Passiflora herbertiana

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Clematis glycinoides vines

Ferns

 Adiantum aethiopicum    Riverflat Forest habitat
 Asplenium flabellifolium
 Azolla sp     Aquatic habitat
 Cheilanthes distans
 Cheilanthes sieberi
 Pellaea falcata

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Pellaea falcata plant

Daisies - Asteraceae

*Arctotheca calendula
*Bidens pilosa
 Brachyscome angustifolia
 Calotis lappulacea
*Carthamnus lanatus     Grassland habitat
 Cassinia quinquefaria
 Cassinia uncata
 Centipeda minima     Dam habitat
 Chrysocephalum apiculatum
*Cirsium vulgare
*Conyza sumatrensis
 Cotula australis
 Cymbonotus lawsonianus
 Euchiton gymnocephalus
 Euchiton sphericus
*Facelis retusa
*Gamochaeta americana
 Glossocardia bidens
*
Hypochaeris microcephala var. albiflora
*Hypochaeris radicata
 Lagenophora gracilis
*Leontodon taraxacoides
 Olearia viscidula
 Ozothamnus diosmifolius
 Rhodanthe anthemoides
 Senecio hispidulus
*Senecio madagascariensis
 Senecio quadridentatus
 Solenogyne bellioides
 Solenogyne dominii
*Soliva sessilis
*Sonchus oleraceus
*Taraxacum officinale
*Tragopogon porrifolius     Grassland habitat
 Triptilodiscus pygmaeus
 Vernonia cinerea
 Vittadinia sulcata

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Cymbonotus lawsonianus flower

Olearia viscidula flower 

Vernonia cinerea flower

 

Chenopods - Chenopodiaceae

 Atriplex semibaccata
 Chenopodium carinatum
 Einadia hastata
 Einadia nutans subsp. linifolia
 Einadia nutans subsp. nutans
 Einadia polygonoides
 Einadia trigonos
 Salsola kali     Grassland habitat

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Atriplex semibaccata fruit

Peas - Fabaceae 

 Acacia decurrens
 Acacia falcata
 Acacia implexa
 Acacia parramattensis
 Bossiaea prostrata
 Daviesia ulicifolia
 Desmodium brachypodum
 Desmodium varians
 Glycine tabacina
 Hardenbergia violacea
 Indigofera australis
 Lotus australis
*Medicago lupulina
*Trifolium arvense     Grasssland habitat
*Trifolium repens
*Trifolium species
 Zornia dyctiocarpa

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Hardenbergia violacea flower

Lotus australis flower 

 

Other Dicotyledon herbs 

 Ajuga australis
 Alternanthera sp. A
*Alternanthera pungens
*
Anagallis arvensis
 Asperula conferta
 Brunoniella australis
*Centaurium tenuiflorum
*Cerastium glomeratum
 Chamaesyce drummondii
 Crassula sieberiana
*Cyclospermum leptophyllum
 Cynoglossum suaveolens
*Datura stramonium

 Daucus glochidiatus
 Dichondra repens
*Echium plantagineum
 Eremophila debilis
*Erodium cicurtarium     Roadside habitat
 Erodium crinitum
*Foeniculum vulgare     Grassland habitat
 Galium migrans
 Geranium homeanum
*Gomphocarpus fruticosus
*Gomphrena celosiodes     Roadside habitat
 Goodenia hederacea
 Gratiola pedunculata     Dam habitat
*Heliotropium amplexicaule
*Hibiscus trionum     Grassland habitat
*Hydrocotyle bonariensis     Dam habitat
 Hypericum gramineum
*Hypericum perforatum
*Lamiun amplexicaule     Grassland habitat
*Lepidium africanum
*Lepidium bonariense
 Linum marginale
*Linum trigynum
 Ludwigia peploides    Dam habitat
 Lythrum hyssopifolia     Dam habitat
 Lythrum salicaria     Dam habitat
 Mentha satureioides
*Modiola caroliniana
 Nymphoides montana     Aquatic habitat
 Opercularia diphylla
*Opuntia stricta
 Ottelia ovalifolia     Aquatic habitat
 Oxalis perennans
*Paronychia brasiliana
*Pavonia hastata     Grassland habitat
 Persicaria decipiens     Dam habitat
*Petrorhagia nanteuilii
 Phyllanthus virgatus
*Phytolacca octandra
 Pimelea glauca
 Pimelea spicata
 Plantago gaudichaudii
*Plantago lanceolata
 Plectranthus parviflorus
*Polycarpon tetraphyllum
 Polygala japonica
*Polygala virgata     Grassland habitat
 Poranthera microphylla
 Portulaca oleracea
 Pratia purpurescens
 
Ranunculus lappaceus
 Ranunculus sessiliflorus
*Richardia stellaris
 Rumex brownii
*Rumex crispus     Grassland habitat
 Scaevola albida
 Scutellaria humilis
*Sherardia arvensis
 Sida corrugata
*Sida rhombifolia
*Silene gallica
 Solanum cinereum
*Solanum linnaeanum
*Solanum nigrum
 Solanum prinophyllum
*Solanum pseudocapsicum
*Stachys arvensis
 Stackhousia viminea
*Stellaria media
*Verbascum virgatum
*Verbena bonariensis
*Verbena officinalis
*Verbena rigida
 Veronica plebeia
 Wahlenbergia communis
 Wahlenbergia gracilis
 Wahlenbergia stricta

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Stackhousia viminea flower

Linum marginale flower

Ajuga australis plant

Cynoglossum suaveolens flower

Wahlenbergia communis flower

Dichondra repens plant

 

Grasses - Poaceae 

 Aristida ramosa
 Aristida vagans
 Austrodanthonia fulva
 Austrodanthonia racemosa
 Austrostipa setacea
*Avena barbata     Grassland habitat
 Bothriochloa macra
*Briza maxima
*Briza minor
*Briza subaristata
*Bromus catharticus
*Bromus molliformis
*Chloris gayana
 Chloris truncata
 Chloris ventricosa
 Cymbopogon refractus
*Cynodon dactylon
 Dichanthium sericeum
 Dichelachne micrantha
 Digitaria diffusa
 Digitaria divaricatissima     Grassland habitat
 Echinopogon ovatus
 Elymus scaber
*Eragrostis curvula     Roadside habitat
 Eragrostis leptostachya
 Eriochloa pseudoacrotricha
*Festuca elatior
 Lachnagrostis filifomis
*Lolium perenne
 Microlaena stipoides
*Nassella neesiana
 Oplismenus aemulus
 Panicum effusum
 Paspalidium distans
*Paspalum dilatatum
*Phalaris aquatica
 Poa labillardierei
*Setaria parviflora
 Sorghum leiocladum
*Sporobolus africanus
 Sporobolus creber
 Themeda australis
*Vulpia bromoides

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Austrodanthonia fulva fruit

Aristida ramosa fruit 

 

Other monocotyledons - graminoids

 Alisma plantago-aquatica     Aquatic habitat
 Arthropodium minus
 Arthropodium sp. B
*Asparagus asparagoides
 Caesia parviflora
 Carex breviculmis
 Carex inversa
 Cyperus gracilis
 Cyperus gunnii     Dam habitat
 Damasonium minus     Dam habitat
 Dianella longifolia
 Dianella revoluta
 Dipodium punctatum
 Fimbristylis dichotoma
 Geitonoplesium cymosum     Dry Rainforest habitat
 Hypoxis hygrometrica
 Juncus prismatocarpus
 
Juncus subsecundus
 Juncus usitatus
 Lomandra filiformis subsp. filiformis
 Lomandra multiflora
 Pterostylis curta
*Romulea rosea
 Scleria mackaviensis
*Sisyrinchium sp.
 Tricoryne elatior
 Typha domingensis     Dam habitat
 Typha orientalis     Dam habitat

Lomandra filiformis plant

Arthropodium minus flower 

 

Specialised lifeforms

 Amyema miquelii

Amyema miquelii flower