Amyema miquelii

Family Loranthaceae

Mistletoe

Pendulous parasitic shrub to 2 m long, light yellowish green with ball-like single attachment to host plant. Host species include Eucalyptus moluccana and Eucalyptus tereticornis.

Flowers: Red, December - January, probably self-pollinated, possibly insect-pollinated.

Fruit: Yellowish-red fruit 8 - 12 mm long.

Seeds: Single seed covered with gluey substance and enclosed in a thin sac. Mature October - January. Fleshy fruit bird-dispersed by Mistle-toe Bird Dicaeum hirundinaceum, with seeds transported for about 45 km, as seeds are voided in less than 1 hour from ingestion. Seeds eaten by Grey-breasted Silvereye Zosterops lateralis sprout in a few days and root attachment occurs in a few weeks.  Germination occurs only if fruit coat is removed, but light is need for growth and attachment to host.

Gallery images: seed, seedling, rootstock, resprout

Ecology

  • Widespread in NSW in woodland and isolated trees in full sun to light shade.
  • Localised to a few trees in woodland at the Australian Botanic Garden.
  • Fruit eaten by Crimson Rosella Platycercus elegans.

Ecology of Cumberland Plain Woodland

Amyema miquelii plant

Amyema miquelii flower 

Amyema miquelii fruit