Elymus scaber

Family Poaceae

Common Wheatgrass

Loosly tufted short lived grass to 1 m high, with fibrous roots. Longevity 2 - 5 years.

Flowers: Spasmodically summer to autumn, cold temperatures often required to stimulate flowering. Wind pollinated.

Fruit: Dry one – seeded, indehiscent mature December – January.

Seed: Dispersed by adhesion or locally on elongated inflorescences.

Gallery images: seed, seedling, rootstock, resprout


  • Grassy woodland habitat.
  • Occasional patches in woodland and grassland at the Australian Botanic Garden.
  • Probably resprouts after fire.
  • C3 cool season metabolism.

Ecology of Cumberland Plain Woodland

Elymus scaber flower

Elymus scaber fruit