*Romulea rosea

Family Iridaceae

Onion Grass

Small perennial herb, with roundish corm, without aerial stems, leaves basal. Longevity indefinite.

Flowers: Pink, August – November.

Fruit: Cylindrical capsule, 10 mm long.

Seed: Numerous seeds per capsule. Locally dispersed.

Gallery images: seed, seedling, rootstock, resprout


  • Native of South Africa.
  • Weed of grasslands, pastures, roadsides and gardens.
  • Frequent in grasslands at the Australian Botanic Garden.
  • Purple swamphens Porphyrio porphyrio reportedly feed on corms in autumn and winter.
  • Long-billed Corellas Cacatua tenuirostris feed on the corms.
  • Resprouts after fire (flowered 3 weeks after controlled burn 2005).

Asterisk * indicates exotic species naturalised at the Australian Botanic Garden.

Ecology of Cumberland Plain Woodland

Romulea rosea plant

Romulea rosea flower

Romulea rosea fruit