*Trifolium species

Family Fabaceae


Several species of Trifolium have been recorded in woodland at Mount Annan, including Trifolium glomeratum, Trifolium striatum, and Trifolium campestre.

Short lived annual, prostrate or ascending herbs with 3-foliate leaves.

Flowers: Pink, white or yellow, spring.

Fruit: Pod containing 1 - 2 seeds.

Seed: Hard coated.

Gallery images: seed, seedling, rootstock, resprout


  • Natives of Europe, Mediterranean, Asia and North Africa.
  • Weeds of woodland, grasslands and roadsides.
  • Seasonally common but minor weed at the Australian Botanic Garden.
  • Legumes reported to have nitrogen fixing Rhizobium nodules on roots.
  • Winter germinating in burnt and unburnt sites.

Asterisk * indicates exotic species naturalised at the Australian Botanic Garden.

Ecology of Cumberland Plain Woodland