Typha orientalis

Family Typhaceae

Broadleaf Cumbungi, Reed Mace

Erect, rhizomatous aquatic plant to 4 m. Stems and leaves die down in autumn and plant resprouts annually from rhizomes. Longevity indefinite.

Flowers: November – May.

Fruit: Spikes containing up to 200 000 seeds.

Seed: Small, one-seeded follicle surrounded by silky hairs. Water and wind dispersed over large distances.

Gallery images: seed, seedling, rootstock, resprout


  • Aquatic plant found in stationary or slow-flowing water to 2 m deep, in ditched, ponds and creeks.
  • Occasional in creeks at the Australian Botanic Garden.
  • Coloniser of wet mud
  • Leaves and stems eaten by Black Swan, Cygnus atratus and foodplant of Freckled Duck, Stictonetta nervosa.

Ecology of Cumberland Plain Woodland

Typha orientalis plant

Typha orientalis flower

Typha orientalis fruit