Botanic Gardens Trust, Sydney, Australia

Edward Liew


Manager Plant Pathology 


Science & Public Programs


Plant Pathology



+61 2  9231 8189


+61 2  9241 1135


  • Manages the plant pathology section which includes the disease diagnostic unit and plant pathology research program   

Current research projects

  • Evolutionary and pathogenic potential of natural soil isolates of Fusarium oxysporum in Australia
  • Fusarium wilt of snow peas in Australia: pathogen diversity, population genetics and disease management
  • Biodiversity of Fusarium in Australian savanna ecosystems
  • Effect of Metalaxyl and Phosphonate on Phytophthora root rot of Wollemi Pines
  • Vanilla stem rot in Indonesia: pathogen population genetics and phylogenetics
  • Disease management of vanilla stem rot in North Indonesia
  • Clove decline in North Sulawesi (Indonesia): diagnosis, insect association and management
  • Phytophthora foot rot of black pepper in Vietnam: disease survey, pathogen population structure and genetic diversity, and disease management
  • Population diversity of Phytophthora palmivora on cocoa in Papua New Guinea

Research interests

  • Fungal pathogen population and evolutionary genetics
  • Fungal phylogenetics and taxonomy
  • Soilborne fungal diseases
  • Fusarium and Phytophthora diseases


plant pathogens, diseases, fungi, population genetics, phylogenetics, soil-borne pathogens, tropical crop diseases, Fusarium, Phytophthora  


Scientific Journal Papers

  • E.C.Y.Liew, D.J.Maclean, J.M.Manners, D.Dawson and J.A.G.Irwin (1990). Use of Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms to study genetic relationships between Australian and Japanese isolates of Phytophthora vignae. Australian Journal of Botany 39: 335-346.
  • S.C.Whisson, B.J.Howlett, E.C.Y.Liew, D.J.Maclean, J.M.Manners and J.A.G.Irwin (1993). An assessment of genetic relationships between members of the Phytophthora megasperma complex and Phytophthora vignae using molecular markers. Australian Journal of Systematic Botany 6: 295-308.
  • E.C.Y.Liew and J.A.G.Irwin (1994). Comparative studies on Phytophthora megasperma isolates from chickpea collected in Australia and Spain. Mycological Research 98: 1284-1290.
  • E.C.Y.Liew and J.A.G.Irwin (1997). Differential disease reactions on lucerne genotypes inoculated with P. medicaginis isolates from lucerne and chickpea. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 48: 545-551.
  • E.C.Y.Liew, A.Drenth, D.J.Maclean and J.A.G.Irwin (1998). Specific PCR based detection of Phytophthora medicaginis using the intergenic spacer region of the ribosomal DNA. Mycological Research 102: 73-80.
  • E.C.Y.Liew, L.D.Guo, V.M.Ranghoo, T.K.Goh and K.D.Hyde (1998). Molecular approaches to assessing fungal diversity in the natural environment. Fungal Diversity 1: 1-17.
  • L.D.Guo, K.D.Hyde and E.C.Y.Liew (1998). A method to promote sporulation in palm endophytic fungi. Fungal Diversity 1: 105-109
  • V.M.Ranghoo, K.D.Hyde and E.C.Y.Liew (1999). Family placement of Ascotawania and Ascolacicola based on DNA sequences from the large subunit rRNA gene. Fungal Diversity 2: 159-168.
  • B.S.Lu, K.D.Hyde and E.C.Y.Liew (2000). Eight new species of Anthostomella (Xylariaceae) from South Africa. Mycological Research 104: 742-754.
  • L.D.Guo, K.D.Hyde and E.C.Y.Liew (2000). Identification of endophytic fungi from Livistona chinensis (Palmae) based on morphological characters and rDNA sequences. New Phytologist 147: 617-630.
  • E.C.Y.Liew, K.D.Hyde, and A.Aptroot, (2000). Phylogenetic significance of the pseudoparaphyses in loculoascomycete taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 16: 392-402.
  • L.D.Guo, K.D.Hyde and E.C.Y.Liew (2001). Detection and taxonomic placement of endophytic fungi within frond tissues of Livistona chinensis (Palmae) based on rDNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 20: 1-13.
  • S.R.Ghimire, K.D.Hyde, I.J.Hodgkiss and E.C.Y.Liew (2001). Race diversity and virulence complexity of Phytophthora infestans in Nepal. Potato Research 44: 253-263.
  • S.R.Ghimire, K.D.Hyde, I.J.Hodgkiss and E.C.Y.Liew (2001). Phenotypes of Phytophthora infestans in Nepal: mating types and metalaxyl sensitivity. Potato Research 44: 337-347.
  • X.C.Shan, E.C.Y.Liew, M.A.Weatherhead and I.J.Hodgkiss (2002). Characterization and identification of Rhizoctonia-like endophytes from orchid roots in Hong Kong. Mycologia 94: 230-239.
  • R.Jeewon, E.C.Y.Liew and Kevin D.Hyde (2002). Phylogenetic relationships of Pestalotiopsis and allied genera inferred from ribosomal DNA sequences and morphological characters. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25: 378-392.
  • E.C.Y.Liew, A.Aptroot and K.D.Hyde (2002). An evaluation of the monophyly of Massarina based on ribosomal DNA sequences. Mycologia 94: 803-813.
  • D.C.Lacap, K.D.Hyde, and E.C.Y.Liew (2003). An evaluation of the fungal ‘morphotype’ concept based on ribosomal DNA sequences. Fungal Diversity 12: 53-66.
  • R.Jeewon, L.Cai, E.C.Y.Liew, K.Q.Zhang and K.D.Hyde (2003). Dyrithiopsis lakefuxianensis gen. et sp. nov. from Fuxian Lake, Yunnan, China, and notes on the taxonomic confusion surrounding Dyrithium. Mycologia 95: 911-920.
  • R.Jeewon, E.C.Y.Liew, J.A.Simpson, I.J.Hodgkiss and K.D.Hyde (2003). Phylogenetic significance of morphological characters in the taxonomy of Pestalotiopsis species. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 372-383.
  • S.R.Ghimire, K.D.Hyde, I.J.Hodgkiss, D.S.Shaw, and E.C.Y.Liew (2003). Variations in the Phytophthora infestans population in Nepal as revealed by nuclear and mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms. Phytopathology 93: 236-243.
  • R.Jeewon, E.C.Y.Liew and K.D.Hyde (2003). Molecular systematics of the Amphisphaeriaceae based on cladistic analyses of partial LSU rDNA gene sequences. Mycological Research 107:1392-1402
  • G.J.D.Smith, E.C.Y.Liew, and K.D.Hyde. (2003) The Xylariales: A monophyletic order containing 7 families. Fungal Diversity 13: 175-208.
  • R.Jeewon, E.C.Y.Liew and K.D.Hyde (2004). Phylogenetic evaluation of species nomenclature of Pestalotiopsis in relation to host association. Fungal Diversity 17: 39-55.
  • H.T.Phan, L.W.Burgess, B.A.Summerell, S.Bullock, E.C.Y.Liew, J.L.Smith-White and J.R.Clarkson. (2004) Gibberella gaditjirri (Fusarium gaditjirri) sp. nov., a new species from tropical grasses in Australia. Studies in Mycology 50:261-272.
  • M.van Wyk, J.Roux, I.Barnes, B.D.Wingfield, E.C.Y.Liew, B.Assa, B.A.Summerell, M.J.Wingfield. (2004). Ceratocystis polychroma sp. nov., a new species from Syzygium aromaticum in Sulawesi. Studies in Mycology 50:273-282.
  • A.R.Bentley, J.F.Leslie, E.C.Y.Liew, L.W.Burgess and B.A.Summerell. (2008) Genetic Diversity and Differentiation in Populations of Fusarium pseudograminearum from Eastern, Southern and Western Australia. Phytopathology 98:250-255.
  • N.V.Truong, L.W.Burgess and E.C.Y.Liew. (2008). Prevalence and aetiology of Phytophthora foot rot of black pepper in Vietnam. Australasian Plant Pathology 37:431-442

Book Chapter

  • V.M.Ranghoo, K.D.Hyde and E.C.Y.Liew (2000). Molecular techniques and phylogeny. In: Marine Mycology: A practical Approach (eds. K.D. Hyde & S.B. Pointing). Fungal Research Series 1, Fungal Diversity Press, Hong Kong; Chap 13, pp 308-336.


  • L.W.Burgess, B.A.Summerell, L.Tesoriero, D.Backhouse and E.C.Y.Liew (2004). Biology of Plant Diseases Caused by Soilborne Fungal Pathogens. Manual for ACIAR workshop (North Sulawesi, Indonesia, Feb 2004).
  • L.W.Burgess, D.Backhouse, B.A.Summerell, E.C.Y.Liew and T. Petrovic (2004). Fungal Plant Pathogens. Manual for Bayer CropScience Workshop (The University of Sydney, Nov 2004).
  • E.C.Y.Liew and B.A.Summerell (2006). Diagnostic Protocol: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense Tropical race 4 (Fusarium Wilt of Banana). Office of the Chief Plant Protection Officer document, Project code 455040, Sub-project code 80114.
  • T.Suddaby and E.C.Y.Liew (2008). Best Practice Management Guidelines for Phytophthora cinnamomi within the Sydney Metropolitan Catchment Management Authority Area, NSW. (


  • L.W.Burgess, B.A.Summerell, E.C.Y.Liew and D.T.Sembel (Eds.) 2004. Bilingual CDRom on Soilborne Plant Diseases in Indonesia (Patogen Tanaman Terbawa Tanah di Indonesia).


  • DNA based methods for the detection of Phytophthora species. A.Drenth, G.Wagels, J.A.G.Irwin, E.C.Y.Liew, and D.J.Maclean. The Australian Patent Office. Official Journal of Patents. 2/12/99 serial no. 713450.