Botanic Gardens Trust, Sydney, Australia

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Eucalyptus tereticornis

The Australian Botanic Garden, Mount Annan - December-January

Common name Forest Red Gum, Buringoa (D’harawal), Blue Gum
Scientific name Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm.
Family  Myrtaceae
Etymology

Genus: Eucalyptus - From Greek, eu, well and calyptos, covered referring to the cap which covers the developing flowers.

Species: tereticornis - From Latin, teres, circular in transverse section and cornu, horn referring to the horn-shaped budcap.

Distribution Occurs along the coast from north of Cairns, Queensland to eastern Victoria.
Native habitat Commonly in open forests on alluvial plains in flat situations in heavy to moist soils. It is frequently found on ridges and slopes in the tropics.
Description The tree grows to a height of 20 to 50 metres with a girth of up to 2 metres dbh. The trunk is straight and is usually un-branched for more than half of the total height of the tree.
Flowering/fruiting Creamy white flowers in June to November, it flowers every year and flowers profusely every three or four years.

Location in Garden

Natural to the site, this specimen is beside the residence near the Mount Annan Drive roundabout.

 

The Forest Red Gum is one of the key canopy species of the threatened Cumberland Plain Woodland, which along with natural grasslands, is the dominant vegetation type at Mount Annan.

Eucalyptus tereticornis is a relatively fast growing species that can be used as a shelterbelt or shade tree or to control gully erosion. Provenance variation in this species is substantial, so matching provenances to adverse sites (e.g. saline or frost prone) may be critical. This species has been widely cultivated in many overseas countries for firewood, construction timber, particleboard and pulpwood and as a hybrid with E. camaldulensis to remediate saline soils. In Australia, the wood has been used for a wide range of purposes including fuel, charcoal, paper, poles, posts, mining timber, hardboard, machine bearings, heavy engineering construction and particleboard. Natural stands are an important food tree for koalas and a wide variety of nectar-eating birds, fruit bats and possums. It is also a major source of pollen and honey for apiculture.
 

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