Botanic Gardens Trust, Sydney, Australia


Hakea archaeoides

The Australian Botanic Garden, Mount Annan - October

Common name Big Nellie hakea
Scientific name Hakea archaeoides W.R.Barker
Family  Proteaceae

Genus: Hakea - After Baron Christian Ludwig von Hake, 1745-1818, German patron of botany.

Species: archaeoides - From Greek, archaeos, original or beginning, and the suffix -oides, resembling.

Distribution Found only in New South Wales, it is restricted to the hinterland between Kempsey and Taree, around Mt Boss, Broken Bago and Landsdowne.
Native habitat Found on steep, rocky, sheltered slopes and in deep gullies in open eucalypt forest. It commonly occurs at the interface of dry eucalypt forest and gully communities.
Description A multistemmed, lignotuberous shrub or tree to 7 m high. The flowers are followed by woody seed pods containing two winged seeds. The pods do not shed the seed until stimulated to do so by environmental conditions (e.g. after a bushfire).
Flowering/fruiting It produces red flowers from October to December.

Location in Garden

It is planted in Bed 4, the Rare and Threatened Garden, which is part of the Connections Garden. It is also in Bed 157 in the Banksia Garden.


It is listed as Vulnerable under the EPBC Act (i.e. facing a high risk of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future, as determined in accordance with prescribed criteria). The listing is because of its risk of local extinction due to low population numbers.

Until recently it was considered to be a variant of Hakea trineura, which has yellow flowers and only occurs in Queensland.

Leaf material from a plant growing at the Australian Botanic Garden was used by botanists as a source of DNA for their research. Botanic gardens provide researchers with easily accessible wild-sourced material.