The Australian Botanic Garden is situated on 400 hectares of undulating land between Campbelltown and Camden and is on the south-eastern edge of the Cumberland Plain. This is the largest botanic garden in Australia, development of the Garden commenced in 1984 and the Garden was opened to the public in 1988.
Click here to download our bird species list for the Australian Botanic Garden (Word document).
- Studies commenced at the the Australian Botanic Garden in June 1986 with an observational and a banding study.
- Over the 16 years 170 species of bird have been recorded within the Garden
- 70 of the recorded species were breeding
- A total of 8790 birds of 76 species have been captured, banded and released
- 20.0% of the banded birds were recaptured and released alive at a later date
Movements of species around the Garden have been recorded through banding and recapture with sixteen (16) species being recaptured in excess of one km from the original banding location. An eastern yellow robin has been recaptured 2 km from its first banding location and later recaptured back at the original location. One red-browed finch has been recaptured at two different sites within the garden in excess of 3 km away from the banding location. Grey fantail, striated thornbill, white-browed scrubwren and silvereye have all been recaptured at least 2 km from the original banding site.
The retention of ridge vegetation, both native and naturalised species, throughout the garden would appear to be important for birds to undertake these local movements. One silvereye banded at the Australian Botanic Garden was recovered at Stony Creek, Victoria, 657 km SSW, five months after banding.
Since the gardens have been developed and habitats have been improved a number of bird species have moved into the Garden. These include: yellow-faced honeyeaters, white-plumed honeyeater, easternsSpinebill along with other honeyeater species which have been attracted to plants of the family Proteaceae in the Banksia Garden and eucalypts in the Eucalypt Arboretum.
Tawny frogmouths are commonly seen at a number of sites throughout the Garden, with one sighting of seven frogmouths, both adult and juvenile roosting in a single wattle tree near the main depot.
Waterbirds have colonised all the dams and wetlands that have been established throughout the garden. Careful design was necessary in planning and constructing the dams and wetlands to ensure that conditions were right for the planting of native vegetation. This included the provision of suitable water heights and availability of mud areas to be maintained for waterbirds and waders to feed and roost on. Where stands of Typha orientalis have established on new dams, groups of clamorous reed-warblers, have moved in to each new stand to breed within the first season.
Latham's snipe is commonly seen in the wetlands that were created adjacent to dams and creeks within the Garden. This species migrates from its breeding area in Japan to Australia in late August to early September and return to its breeding grounds in March having spent the summer period feeding and roosting around fresh wetlands in Australia. Latham's Snipe are listed on the Japan /Australia Migration Treaty and as such are a protected species.
Creating the right habitat
Native grasslands which occur within the gardens support the many grassland species of birds such as the brown quail, red-rumped parrot, red-browed finch, double-banded finch, golden-headed cisticola and little grassbird, all of which have increased in number since the development of the Garden.
As the gardens develop and native vegetation regenerates, habitats for birds will be further improved throughout the Garden, thus increasing the potential for the increase of biodiversity. The recognition of the need to establish management strategies to ensure that these habitats are retained is important. Garden management and staff have demonstrated their support to maintain and where possible improve habitats for native fauna within all three Gardens.