Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at any time. It is what is going on outside. The weather in one place can be very different to the weather at another place. We can measure the weather with instruments, and we can describe it by how we feel. The climate is the pattern of weather over a long time in a particular place. The weather and climate affect the natural world: plants and animals have adapted to the conditions where they live.
Seasons describe four different times of the year with different types of weather. Spring, summer, autumn, and winter each last three months and are caused by changes in the strength of the sun throughout the year. Earth orbits around the sun on a tilted axis (it doesn't stand up straight) and different parts of Earth get the sun’s most direct rays at different times of the year. In Australia, when the South Pole tilts toward the sun it is summer and when the North Pole tilts towards the sun it in winter.
Watch our friend Dirtgirl! explain the seasons:
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Dirtgirl World, 'Seasons with Dirtgirl!', ABC Education
14 May 2020
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