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First Contact - Stage 4

Explore the impacts of British colonialism on the first Australians, particularly the traditional owners of the Sydney city area, the Cadigal people. Students will discover how Aboriginal people used the land and plants prior to first contact and then investigate the plants and seeds brought by the First Fleet and their uses and value at Farm Cove.

Learning Activities

  • Students will discover how Aboriginal people used plants for food, medicine, tools and shelter
  • They will visit the First Farm display garden and discover the fruits and vegetables and herbs brought to Australia by the First Fleet
  • Students will also experience and understand the hardships and difficulties of convict life


Stage 4 History and Aboriginal Studies


Rathborne Lodge


2 hours


Click here. Minimum charges apply. Discounts apply for full day programs!

More information

Key Content
  • Understand the impact first contact had on Aboriginal people and their relationship with the land.
  • Learn about significant Aboriginal people in the story first contact, including Pemulwuy, Bennelong and Barangaroo.
  • Learn the nature and impacts of colonisation on pre-contact Aboriginal culture and British contact with Aboriginal peoples up to 1820.
  • Explore Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal perspectives regarding relationship to land and country.
  • Discover Australia's first farm and the plants brought by the First Fleet.
Syllabus Outcomes

Focus Syllabus Outcomes

  • Describes and assesses the motives and actions of past individuals and groups in the context of past societies (HT4-3)
  • Describes and explains the causes and effects of events and developments of past societies over time (HT4-4)
  • Uses evidence from sources to support historical narratives and explanations (HT4-6)
  • Identifies and describes different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the past (HT4-7)
  • Recognises the changing nature of Aboriginal cultures (4.3)
  • Outlines changes in Aboriginal culture expression across time and location (4.4)
  • Describes the contributions and significance of Aboriginal Peoples to Australian society (4.7)
  • Describes the interaction of the wider Australian community with Aboriginal Peoples and cultures (4.8)
Plan Your Excursion
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Sustainable Development Goals

Through our education programs we aim to 
•    ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning (SDG 4)
•    demonstrate actions that work towards making cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable (SDG 11)
•    inform and empower students to preserve our forests and halt biodiversity loss (SDG 15)

Through the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals we promote prosperity for the whole community, while protecting our planet for future generations.


We would like to acknowledge the Cadigal people of the Eora Nation within Sydney and pay our respect to Elders past, present and future.