The best way to conserve plants is in their natural habitat. However, conserving plants away from the wild can be useful for research, and sometimes necessary for their survival. Seed-banking is one of the easiest and most cost-effective ways to conserve plants.
Seed collections are used for research, habitat restoration and, when necessary, to reintroduce threatened species back to the wild.
Seeds must be carefully prepared for their time in the seedbank. Seed-bearing fruits are dried and their seeds are removed and cleaned to ensure that only high-quality seeds are kept — free from insects and impurities.