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Botany Bay was the site of encounter; between the local Gweagal people, and James Cook and the Endeavour's crew; between the naturalists Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, and a new and unknown flora; and between the English convict fleet under Captain Phillip, and the French exploring expedition of La Perouse.

These encounters had important consequences for both people and place. Here we explore Botany Bay through the journals and scientific collections left by some of those people.

We would like to acknowledge the Cadigal people of the Eora Nation within Sydney and pay our respect to Elders past, present and future.