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The city of Sydney was first founded and inhabited by the local Aboriginal people, who experienced their first contact with Europeans when Governor Phillip and the First Fleet arrived in 1788. It has grown from traditional hunting and gathering grounds and a convict settlement, to a city of more than five million people and has expanded to cover the country around Botany Bay.

Remarkably some areas of natural bushland have survived, mainly where the rocky foreshores were set aside for defence purposes in the 19th century, or were too difficult to access for suburban housing. More than two hundred years after Banks and Solander first saw them, you can still see the descendants of many of those plant species in the small bushland reserves around the Bay, though others have disappeared as their habitat has been destroyed by Sydney's continuing urban and industrial expansion.

We have highlighted the main natural areas of Botany Bay and their connections with its botanical exploration. For those who wish to explore the botany of Botany Bay through the natural landscape and its plants, these areas are worth a visit. Most are now part of Kamay Botany Bay National Park.

Species list for the main natural areas of Botany Bay

Plant Name La Perouse Kurnell Cooks River Towra Point
Acacia binervia   X X  
Acacia brownii     X  
Acacia bynoeana     X  
Acacia decurrens     X  
Acacia falcata     X  
Acacia floribunda   X X  
Acacia genistifolia     X  
Acacia hispidula     X  
Acacia implexa X X X X
Acacia irrorata       X
Acacia linifolia     X  
Acacia longifolia   X X  
Acacia longifolia subsp. longifolia       X
Acacia longifolia subsp. sophorae X   X X
Acacia longissima     X  
Acacia maidenii       X
Acacia myrtifolia X   X  
Acacia obtusifolia     X  
Acacia parramattensis     X  
Acacia pubescens     X  
Acacia stricta     X  
Acacia suaveolens X X X X
Acacia terminalis X   X  
Acacia terminalis subsp. angustifolia   X    
Acacia ulicifolia X X X X
Acaena novae-zelandiae     X  
Acetosa sagittata       X
Acianthus caudatus     X  
Acianthus exsertus     X  
Acianthus fornicatus X     X
Acmena smithii X   X X
Actinotus helianthi X X X  
Actinotus minor X X X  
Adiantum aethiopicum X   X  
Aegiceras corniculatum     X X
Ageratina adenophorum       X
Allocasuarina distyla   X    
Allocasuarina littoralis X X X X
Allocasuarina torulosa       X
Almaleea paludosa X      
Alphitonia excelsa     X  
Alternanthera denticulata     X X
Amperea xiphoclada X   X  
Amyema congener     X X
Amyema gaudichaudii     X  
Amyema pendulum     X  
Anagallis arvensis       X
Andropogon virginicus       X
Angophora bakeri     X  
Angophora costata X X X  
Angophora floribunda     X  
Angophora hispida     X  
Anisopogon avenaceus     X  
Anthosachne scabra     X  
Aotus ericoides X X X X
Apium prostratum       X
Arctotheca calendula       X
Aristida ramosa X   X  
Aristida vagans     X  
Aristida warburgii X   X  
Arthropodium milleflorum     X  
Asplenium australasicum     X  
Asplenium difforme       X
Asplenium flabellifolium     X  
Asplenium obtusatum subsp. northlandicum X      
Aster subulatus       X
Astroloma humifusum     X  
Astroloma pinifolium X X X  
Atriplex australasica     X  
Atriplex cinerea       X
Atriplex hastata       X
Atriplex semibaccata     X  
Austrostipa mollis X      
Austrostipa pubescens     X  
Austrostipa rudis subsp. rudis     X  
Avicennia marina subsp. australasica       X
Avicennia marina var. australasica     X  
Azolla filiculoides     X  
Azolla pinnata       X
Baeckea diosmifolia X      
Baeckea imbricata X X    
Baeckea linifolia     X  
Baloskion tetraphyllum subsp. meiostachyum X X    
Banksia aemula X   X  
Banksia ericifolia X X    
Banksia integrifolia X X X X
Banksia oblongifolia X X X  
Banksia robur X      
Banksia serrata X X X X
Banksia spinulosa     X  
Bauera rubioides X   X  
Baumea acuta X      
Baumea articulata     X X
Baumea gunnii X      
Baumea juncea X   X X
Baumea nuda X      
Baumea rubiginosa X      
Baumea teretifolia X      
Billardiera scandens X X X  
Blandfordia nobilis X X X  
Blechnum camfieldii   X   X
Blechnum cartilagineum X   X  
Bolboschoenus caldwellii     X  
Bolboschoenus fluviatilis     X  
Boronia parviflora X X X  
Boronia polygalifolia     X  
Boronia rigens X      
Bossiaea ensata X      
Bossiaea heterophylla X X X  
Bossiaea prostrata     X  
Bossiaea scolopendria X X    
Bothriochloa decipiens     X  
Bothriochloa macra     X X
Brachyloma daphnoides X X X  
Breynia oblongifolia X X X X
Burchardia umbellata X   X  
Bursaria spinosa     X  
Caesia parviflora     X  
Caladenia catenata     X  
Caladenia tessellata     X  
Caladenia testacea     X  
Caleana major X      
Callicoma serratifolia     X  
Callistemon citrinus X X X  
Callistemon linearis X   X  
Callistemon pinifolius X   X  
Callistemon rigidus     X  
Callitris rhomboidea       X
Calochilus campestris     X  
Calochilus paludosus X      
Calochilus robertsonii X      
Calochlaena dubia X X X  
Calotis cuneifolia     X  
Calotis lappulacea     X  
Calystegia sepium     X  
Calystegia soldanella X     X
Calytrix tetragona X      
Capillipedium spicigerum     X  
Carex appressa     X X
Carex breviculmis       X
Carex fascicularis     X  
Carex pumila X      
Carpobrotus glaucescens X   X X
Cassinia aculeata     X  
Cassinia arcuata     X  
Cassinia aureonitens     X  
Cassinia longifolia     X  
Cassinia quinquefaria     X  
Cassinia trinerva     X  
Cassytha glabella     X  
Cassytha paniculata       X
Cassytha pubescens X X X X
Casuarina glauca X X X X
Caustis pentandra X      
Cayratia clematidea     X X
Cenchrus clandestinus       X
Centella asiatica X X X X
Centipeda minima     X X
Centrolepis fascicularis X   X  
Centrolepis strigosa X   X  
Ceratopetalum apetalum     X  
Ceratopetalum gummiferum X X X  
Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia       X
Cheilanthes sieberi     X  
Chiloglottis reflexa     X  
Chloanthes stoechadis X   X  
Chloris truncata     X  
Chorizandra cymbaria X      
Chorizandra sphaerocephala X      
Christella dentata     X X
Chrysocephalum apiculatum     X X
Chrysocephalum semipapposum     X  
Cissus antarctica       X
Cissus hypoglauca   X X  
Cladium procerum     X  
Clematis aristata   X X X
Clematis glycinoides     X X
Clerodendrum tomentosum   X X X
Comesperma ericinum X X    
Commelina cyanea X X X X
Conospermum longifolium subsp. angustifolium     X  
Conospermum taxifolium X      
Convolvulus erubescens     X  
Correa alba var. alba X X    
Correa reflexa X   X  
Corybas aconitiflorus     X  
Corybas pruinosus       X
Corydium scorpioides     X  
Corymbia gummifera X X X  
Cotula australis X   X X
Crassula helmsii     X  
Crassula sieberiana X   X  
Crinum pedunculatum X     X
Cryptandra amara X X X  
Cryptocarya microneura   X    
Cryptostylis erecta X      
Cupaniopsis anacardioides   X   X
Cyathea australis X   X  
Cyathea cooperi   X    
Cyathochaeta diandra X   X  
Cyclosorus interruptus     X X
Cycnogeton procerum     X  
Cymbopogon refractus X X X X
Cynodon dactylon       X
Cyperus difformis     X  
Cyperus enervis     X  
Cyperus gracilis     X  
Cyperus imbecillis     X  
Cyperus laevigatus     X  
Cyperus laevis       X
Cyperus mirus     X  
Cyperus polystachyos     X X
Cyperus sanguinolentus     X  
Cyperus sphaeroideus     X  
Dampiera stricta X X X  
Darwinia fascicularis X X    
Darwinia leptantha X      
Daviesia mimosoides   X    
Daviesia ulicifolia     X  
Dendrobium teretifolium     X  
Dendrophthoe vitellina     X  
Denhamia silvestris     X  
Desmodium rhytidophyllum   X X X
Desmodium varians   X   X
Deyeuxia quadriseta     X X
Dianella caerulea X X X  
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia X   X  
Dianella revoluta X X X X
Dichelachne crinita X   X  
Dichelachne inaequiglumis     X  
Dichelachne micrantha X   X  
Dichelachne parva     X  
Dichelachne rara     X  
Dichondra repens X X X  
Digitaria didactyla X     X
Digitaria diffusa     X  
Digitaria parviflora     X X
Dillwynia floribunda X      
Dillwynia glaberrima X     X
Dillwynia parviflora     X  
Dillwynia retorta X X X  
Dillwynia sieberi     X  
Dipodium punctatum     X  
Dodonaea triquetra X X X X
Dodonaea viscosa     X  
Drosera auriculata     X  
Drosera binata   X    
Drosera peltata X   X X
Drosera pygmaea X      
Drosera spathulata X   X  
Echinopogon caespitosus     X X
Echinopogon ovatus   X X X
Einadia hastata     X  
Einadia nutans ssp. linifolia     X  
Einadia polygonoides     X  
Einadia trigonos       X
Einadia trigonos ssp. trigonos     X  
Elaeocarpus reticulatus   X X  
Elatine gratioloides X   X  
Eleocharis acuta     X  
Eleocharis cylindrostachys     X  
Eleocharis gracilis       X
Eleocharis sphacelata X      
Empodisma minus X      
Endiandra sieberi X      
Entolasia marginata     X  
Entolasia stricta X   X  
Epacris longiflora X X X  
Epacris microphylla X X X  
Epacris obtusifolia X      
Epacris pulchella     X  
Epacris purpurascens var. purpurascens     X  
Epaltes australis   X X X
Epilobium billardierianum subsp. cinereum     X  
Epilobium billardierianum subsp. hydrophilum     X  
Epilobium hirtigerum     X  
Eragrostis benthamii     X X
Eragrostis brownii X X X X
Eragrostis elongata     X  
Eragrostis leptostachya     X X
Eragrostis parviflora X   X  
Eriocaulon scariosum X      
Eriochloa pseudoacrotricha     X  
Eriostemon australasius X   X  
Erodium crinitum X      
Eucalyptus botryoides X X X X
Eucalyptus capitellata     X  
Eucalyptus crebra     X  
Eucalyptus eugenioides     X  
Eucalyptus fibrosa     X  
Eucalyptus globoidea     X  
Eucalyptus haemastoma   X X  
Eucalyptus longifolia     X  
Eucalyptus moluccana     X  
Eucalyptus obstans     X  
Eucalyptus paniculata     X  
Eucalyptus pilularis     X  
Eucalyptus piperita   X X  
Eucalyptus punctata     X  
Eucalyptus resinifera     X  
Eucalyptus robusta X X X  
Eucalyptus robusta x tereticornis     X  
Eucalyptus saligna     X  
Eucalyptus tereticornis     X  
Euchiton involucratus     X  
Euchiton sphaericus     X  
Eurychorda complanata X      
Eustrephus latifolius   X X X
Exocarpos cupressiformis X X X X
Ficinia nodosa   X X X
Ficus coronata       X
Ficus rubiginosa X X X X
Ficus superba       X
Fimbristylis dichotoma     X  
Fimbristylis ferruginea       X
Gahnia clarkei     X  
Gahnia sieberana X X   X
Geitonoplesium cymosum   X   X
Geranium homeanum   X X X
Gleichenia dicarpa X X X  
Gleichenia microphylla     X  
Gleichenia rupestris X      
Glochidion ferdinandi X X X X
Glycine clandestina X X X X
Glycine microphylla     X  
Glycine tabacina   X X  
Gompholobium glabratum X      
Gompholobium grandiflorum   X    
Gompholobium inconspicuum     X  
Gompholobium minus     X  
Gonocarpus micranthus X   X X
Gonocarpus salsoloides X   X  
Gonocarpus tetragynus X   X  
Gonocarpus teucrioides X X X X
Goodenia bellidifolia X   X  
Goodenia hederacea     X  
Goodenia ovata X X X  
Goodenia paniculata   X X  
Goodenia stelligera X   X  
Gratiola pedunculata     X  
Grevillea buxifolia     X  
Grevillea mucronulata   X X  
Grevillea sericea     X  
Grevillea sphacelata     X  
Gymnoschoenus sphaerocephalus X      
Haemodorum corymbosum X      
Haemodorum planifolium X X    
Hakea dactyloides X X X  
Hakea gibbosa X X    
Hakea sericea   X X  
Hakea teretifolia X X    
Halophila decipiens       X
Halophila ovalis       X
Hardenbergia violacea X X X X
Hemarthria uncinata X   X X
Hemigenia purpurea   X    
Hibbertia aspera     X  
Hibbertia bracteata     X  
Hibbertia dentata     X  
Hibbertia diffusa     X  
Hibbertia empetrifolia X X X  
Hibbertia fasciculata X      
Hibbertia linearis X     X
Hibbertia obtusifolia X      
Hibbertia pedunculata     X  
Hibbertia riparia X      
Hibbertia scandens X X X X
Hibbertia serpyllifolia     X  
Hibiscus diversifolius     X  
Histiopteris incisa X   X  
Homalanthus populifolius   X X X
Hovea linearis     X  
Hybanthus monopetalus X X X  
Hydrocotyle acutiloba       X
Hydrocotyle laxiflora       X
Hydrocotyle peduncularis   X X  
Hypericum gramineum X   X  
Hypericum japonicum       X
Hypolaena fastigiata X   X  
Hypolepis muelleri X X X X
Imperata cylindrica X X X X
Indigofera australis   X X X
Isachne globosa     X  
Isolepis cernua       X
Isolepis inundata X   X  
Isolepsis cernua X      
Isopogon anemonifolius X   X  
Isopogon anethifolius   X    
Jacksonia scoparia     X  
Juncus bufonius X      
Juncus continuus X   X  
Juncus flavidus     X  
Juncus homalocaulis     X  
Juncus kraussii X   X X
Juncus pallidus X   X X
Juncus planifolius X   X X
Juncus procerus     X  
Juncus remotiflorus     X  
Juncus subsecundus     X  
Juncus usitatus X   X X
Kennedia prostrata       X
Kennedia rubicunda X X X X
Kunzea ambigua X X X X
Kunzea capitata     X  
Lachnagrostis aemula     X  
Lachnagrostis billardierei X      
Lachnagrostis filiformis X   X X
Lagenophora stipitata     X  
Lambertia formosa X   X  
Landoltia punctata       X
Lasiopetalum ferrugineum var. ferrugineum X   X  
Lasiopetalum parviflorum     X  
Laxmannia gracilis     X  
Leionema dentatum     X  
Lemna disperma       X
Lepidosperma concavum X      
Lepidosperma filiforme X      
Lepidosperma forsythii X      
Lepidosperma gunnii     X  
Lepidosperma laterale   X X  
Lepidosperma neesii X      
Lepidosperma viscidum X      
Lepinella longipes X     X
Leptocarpus tenax X X    
Leptomeria acida     X  
Leptospermum arachnoides X X X  
Leptospermum attenuatum X      
Leptospermum continentale     X  
Leptospermum flavescens X      
Leptospermum juniperinum X X X X
Leptospermum laevigatum X X X X
Leptospermum polygalifolium   X X  
Leptospermum squarrosum X X    
Leptospermum trinervium   X X X
Lepyrodia scariosa X X X X
Leucopogon amplexicaulis     X  
Leucopogon ericoides X X X  
Leucopogon esquamatus X      
Leucopogon juniperinus     X  
Leucopogon lanceolatus     X  
Leucopogon microphyllus     X  
Leucopogon parviflorus       X
Leucopogon virgatus X      
Lindsaea linearis X   X  
Lindsea microphylla     X  
Linum marginale     X  
Liparophyllum exaltatum X      
Lissanthe strigosa     X  
Livistona australis   X X  
Lobelia anceps X   X X
Lobelia andrewsii     X  
Lobelia dentata     X  
Logania albiflora     X  
Lomandra cylindrica     X  
Lomandra filiformis X   X  
Lomandra glauca X X X  
Lomandra longifolia X X X X
Lomandra multiflora X   X  
Lomandra obliqua X   X  
Lomatia silaifolia X   X  
Luzula meridionalis X      
Lyperanthus suaveolens X      
Lythrum hyssopifolia     X  
Maclura cochinchinensis       X
Macrozamia communis X X X  
Macrozamia spiralis     X  
Marsdenia rostrata   X   X
Marsdenia suaveolens     X  
Melaleuca armillaris X X    
Melaleuca deanei     X  
Melaleuca decora     X  
Melaleuca ericifolia     X X
Melaleuca erubescens     X  
Melaleuca linariifolia X   X  
Melaleuca nodosa X X X  
Melaleuca quinquenervia   X X X
Melaleuca squamea X      
Melaleuca styphelioides     X  
Melaleuca thymifolia X X X  
Micrantheum ericoides     X  
Microlaena stipoides X X X X
Micromyrtus ciliata X      
Microtis parviflora     X  
Microtis unifolia X   X  
Mirbelia rubiifolia X   X  
Mitrasacme paludosa     X  
Mitrasacme polymorpha X X    
Monotaxis linifolia X      
Monotoca elliptica X X X X
Monotoca scoparia X X X  
Muellerina celastroides     X X
Muellerina eucalyptoides     X  
Myoporum acuminatum       X
Myriophyllum gracile     X  
Notelaea longifolia X X X X
Notelaea ovata     X  
Olax stricta     X  
Olearia microphylla     X  
Olearia viscidula     X  
Omphacomeria acerba     X  
Opercularia aspera X X X X
Opercularia diphylla     X  
Opercularia varia X   X X
Oplismenus aemulus   X X X
Oplismenus imbecillis   X X  
Orthoceras strictum     X  
Ottelia ovalifolia X      
Ottochloa gracillima       X
Oxalis exilis     X  
Oxalis perennans     X  
Oxylobium cordifolium X X    
Ozothamnus diosmifolius     X X
Pandorea pandorana   X X X
Panicum obseptum     X  
Panicum simile X   X  
Parsonsia straminea       X
Paspalidium distans X   X  
Paspalum dilatatum       X
Paspalum distichum     X X
Paspalum urvillei       X
Paspalum vaginatum       X
Patersonia fragilis X   X  
Patersonia glabrata X   X  
Patersonia longifolia     X  
Pelargonium australe X      
Pelargonium inodorum     X  
Pellaea falcata     X X
Pellaea viridis       X
Persicaria decipiens X X X X
Persicaria hydropiper     X  
Persicaria lapathifolia     X  
Persicaria orientalis     X  
Persicaria strigosa     X  
Persoonia hirsuta subsp. hirsuta     X  
Persoonia lanceolata X X X  
Persoonia laurina     X  
Persoonia levis X X X  
Persoonia linearis     X  
Petrophile pulchella X X X  
Philotheca buxifolia X X    
Philotheca myoporoides subsp. myorporoides X      
Philotheca salsolifolia X X X  
Philotheca scaber subsp. scaber     X  
Philydrum lanuginosum     X  
Phragmites australis X X X X
Phyllanthus hirtellus     X  
Pimelea linifolia X X X X
Pittosporum revolutum X X X X
Pittosporum undulatum X X X X
Plantago coronopus subsp. coronopus       X
Plantago lanceolata       X
Platycerium bifurcatum       X
Platylobium formosum     X  
Platysace ericoides X X    
Platysace lanceolata X X X  
Platysace linearifolia     X  
Platysace stephensonii X      
Plectranthus parviflorus   X   X
Plinthanthesis paradoxa X      
Poa affinis     X X
Poa billardierei X      
Poa poiformis X      
Poa sieberiana     X  
Podocarpus spinulosus     X  
Podolobium ilicifolium     X  
Polymeria calycina     X  
Polyscias sambucifolia X   X  
Pomaderris discolor     X  
Pomaderris elliptica     X  
Pomaderris ferruginea     X  
Pomaderris intermedia     X  
Pomaderris lanigera     X  
Pomaderris ligustrina     X  
Pomax umbellata X X X X
Poranthera corymbosa     X  
Poranthera ericifolia X      
Poranthera microphylla X X X X
Portulaca oleracea   X    
Posidonia australis       X
Potamogeton ochreatus     X  
Potamogeton pectinatus     X  
Potamogeton tricarinatus     X  
Pratia purpurascens   X X X
Pseudanthus orientalis X      
Pseuderanthemum variabile     X  
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum X   X  
Psilotum nudum     X  
Pteridium esculentum X X X X
Pterostylis acuminata X      
Pterostylis concinna     X  
Pterostylis grandiflora     X  
Pterostylis nutans     X  
Ptilothrix deusta     X  
Pultenaea daphnoides X   X  
Pultenaea dentata X      
Pultenaea linophylla X   X  
Pultenaea paleacea     X  
Pultenaea retusa     X  
Pultenaea stipularis     X  
Pultenaea villosa     X  
Pyrrosia rupestris       X
Ranunculus inundatus     X  
Ranunculus lappaceus     X  
Ranunculus muricatus       X
Ranunculus plebeius     X  
Rapanea variabilis X   X X
Rhytidosporum procumbens     X  
Ricinocarpos pinifolius X X   X
Rorippa laciniata     X  
Rubus parvifolius     X  
Rulingia dasyphylla     X  
Rulingia hermanniifolia X      
Rumex brownii   X X X
Ruppia maritima     X  
Rytidosperma setaceum     X  
Rytidosperma tenuius     X  
Rytidosperma pallidum     X  
Rytidosperma bipartitum     X  
Salsola australis       X
Samolus repens X   X X
Sarcocornia quinqueflora     X X
Sarcopetalum harveyanum X X X X
Scaevola calendulacea   X X X
Scaevola ramosissima X X X  
Schoenoplectus litoralis     X X
Schoenoplectus nodusus   X    
Schoenoplectus validus     X X
Schoenus apogon X   X  
Schoenus brevifolius X      
Schoenus ericetorum X X    
Schoenus melanostachys     X  
Schoenus nitens X      
Schoenus paludosus X      
Sclerolaena muricata var. villosa     X  
Selaginella uliginosa X      
Selliera radicans X   X X
Senecio bipinnatisectus       X
Senecio diaschides     X  
Senecio glomeratus X      
Senecio hispidulus X X X X
Senecio linearifolius     X X
Senecio minimus     X  
Senecio pinnatifolius X     X
Senecio quadridentatus     X X
Sida rhombifolia       X
Smilax glyciphylla X X X X
Solanum americanum X     X
Solenogyne bellioides     X  
Sowerbaea juncea X      
Sphaerolobium vimineum X      
Spinifex sericeus X     X
Sporadanthus gracilis X      
Sporobolus elongatus     X  
Sporobolus virginicus     X X
Sprengelia incarnata X      
Stackhousia monogyna     X  
Stackhousia nuda X      
Stackhousia viminea     X  
Stephania japonica X X   X
Streblus brunonianus       X
Stylidium debile     X  
Stylidium despectum     X  
Stylidium graminifolium X X X  
Stylidium lineare X      
Styphelia laeta X      
Styphelia triflora X   X  
Styphelia tubiflora     X  
Styphelia viridis X X    
Suaeda australis     X X
Syncarpia glomulifera     X  
Syzygium oleosum       X
Syzygium paniculatum     X  
Telmatoblechnum indicum X X X X
Tetragonia tetragonioides     X X
Tetratheca juncea     X  
Tetratheca neglecta     X  
Thelionema umbellatum X      
Thelymitra pauciflora X   X  
Themeda triandra X X X X
Thyridia repens     X  
Thysanotus tuberosus X      
Todea barbara     X  
Trachymene incisa     X  
Trema tomentosa      X  
Tricostularia pauciflora X      
Triglochin striata X   X X
Tristaniopsis laurina     X  
Tylophora barbata     X  
Typha orientalis   X X X
Utricularia biloba X      
Utricularia dichotoma X      
Utricularia uliginosa X   X  
Velleia lyrata     X  
Vernonia cinerea   X X  
Veronica calycina     X  
Veronica plebeia     X X
Viminaria juncea X   X  
Viola banksii X X   X
Viola hederacea     X  
Wahlenbergia gracilis X   X  
Wahlenbergia littoricola     X  
Wahlenbergia multicaulis     X  
Wahlenbergia stricta     X  
Westringia fruticosa X X    
Wilsonia backhousei     X  
Woollsia pungens X X    
Xanthorrhoea arborea   X X  
Xanthorrhoea media     X  
Xanthosia pilosa X X X  
Xanthosia tridentata X   X  
Xylomelum pyriforme X X X  
Xyris gracilis X      
Xyris operculata X   X  
Zieria laevigata X      
Zieria pilosa X X X  
Zieria smithii     X  
Zornia dyctiocarpa var. dyctiocarpa     X  
Zostera muelleri subsp. capricorni       X
Zoysia macrantha X   X  

References for the species lists (above)

  • Kurnell species list compiled between 1960 and 1980 by Robert Coveny, Botanical Collector at the National Herbarium of NSW.
  • La Perouse species list compiled after an extensive search of natural habitats on the La Perouse Peninsula by J. Armstrong, D.H. Benson and R.G. Coveny in 1976.
  • Cooks River species list is based on the list in Missing Jigsaw Pieces: the Bushplants of the Cooks River Valley by Doug Benson, Danie Ondinea and Virginia Bear (1999).
  • Towra Point species list is based on the list in Australian Littoral Society (1977) An investigation of management options for Towra Point, Botany Bay (Australian National Parks & Wildlife Service, Canberra).
We would like to acknowledge the Cadigal people of the Eora Nation within Sydney and pay our respect to Elders past, present and future.